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Mobile Telecommu ica io Compa y of I a I a Mobile Commu ica io s Compa y (Pe sia : شرکت ارتباطات سیار ایران, Še ka -e E ebâ â -e Sayyâ -e I â ), commo ly abb evia ed as MCI a d also k ow u de i s b a […]


Mobile Telecommu ica io Compa y of I a

I a Mobile Commu ica io s Compa y (Pe sia : شرکت ارتباطات سیار ایران, Še ka -e E ebâ â -e Sayyâ -e I â ), commo ly abb evia ed as MCI a d also k ow u de i s b a d ame Ham ahe Avval (Pe sia : همراه اول; he fi s compa io ), is he fi s a d la ges mobile ope a o i I a . MCI is a subsidia y of he Telecommu ica io Compa y of I a a d has app oxima ely 17 millio pos paid a d 49 millio p epaid subsc ibe s.1 Ham ahe Aval’s se vice is available i 1,239 ci ies a d ove 70,000 kilome e s of highway i I a is shee . I p ovides oami g se vices via 271 pa e ope a o s i mo e ha 112 cou ies.

I Decembe 2010, 5.5% of he MCI sha es we e offe ed o he I a ia ove – he-cou e ma ke (Fa abou se), a a value of $396 millio ,2 which was he la ges IPO- o-da e i he I a ia OTC equi y ma ke .

I Augus 2013, he compa y moved f om he OTC o he Teh a S ock Excha ge

Cu e ly, 90% of MCI’s sha es a e ow ed by he Telecommu ica io Compa y of I a , a d he emai i g 10% of sha es a e public a he Teh a S ock Excha ge.

I 2015, MCI lau ched 3G, a d 4G ech ologies by a ew b a d ame as No i o.

Co e s

His o yedi

By he e d of Ma ch 2004, he umbe of he subsc ibe s g ew up o 3,450,000 subsc ibe s; he umbe of subsc ibe s is mo e ha 43 millio oday ( he umbe of subsc ibe s of Ham ah-e-Avval). I addi io , Ham ah-e Avval has also p ovided p ope cove age ove mo e ha 52,000 km of cou ywide oad e wo ks a d 1120 ci ies h oughou he cou y. I li e wi h 3 d Socio-Eco omic a d Cul u al Developme of he Islamic Republic of I a , a umbe of 4,590,000 ew subsc ip io s we e added o he e wo k which i u shows 934.8% i c ease a d he pe e a io a e was i c eased f om 0.78% a he begi i g of he 3 d Socio-Eco omic a d Cul u al Developme of he Islamic Republic of I a o 7.5% by he e d of he Pla . By he e d of he 3 d Socio-Eco omic a d Cul u al Developme of he Islamic Republic of I a , he ee p ovi ces wi h he highes pe e a io a e we e Teh a , Isfaha a d Yazd espec ively; f om he poi of view of pe fo ma ce, Teh a , Isfaha a d Yazd had also he highes pe fo ma ce.

The special se vices p ovided o he subsc ibe s a e call a sfe , call wai i g, calle ID, FDN se vices, call es ic io , fax co ec io , da a se vices, SMS a d VMS sys ems, a d i e a io al oami g.

Evolu io of he mobile elepho e i he wo ldedi

As a pe so al commu ica io mea s, he elepho e e wo k has he highes applica io i he wo ld. The possibili y of p ovisio of mobile pho e has eme ged i 1960 i Sca di avia s a es (Swede , No way, De ma k a d Fi la d) i 1960s. By he e d of he decade he fi s poi o poi elepho e was used a d his was a u i g poi i elecommu ica io i dus y a d he eby o e of ma ki d’s d eams was ealized. The ech ology was i oduced o he ma ke by Sca di avia s a es o he ma ke by use of a alog ech ology. The fi s mobile elepho e e wo k (No dic Mobile Telepho e – NMT) was i oduced by hese s a es. I ea ly 1980s, he use of digi al elepho e i au omobile was pu i o he age da.

I 1977, Ca ada has desig ed he fi s public i fo ma io e wo k a d pu i o ope a io . The public i e a io al i fo ma io sys ems we e ealized by use of compu e , sa elli e a d mic owave a smi e a d eceive s.

The USA i oduced he No dic Mobile Telepho e (NMT) o he ma ke i 1983. Japa was he hi d cou y i he wo k, which i oduced i s mobile e wo k ha i u was a mix u e of Sca di avia a d Ame ica sys ems, amed HCMS; he developed NTT sys em wi h e wo k co ec io possibili y. I 1985, E gla d i oduced TACS sys em a d he eby joi ed o he cou ies wi h mobile commu ica io e wo k. The eaf e , a NMT sys em wi h 450 mega Hz f eque cy was employed by De ma k, No way, Swede a d Fi la d a d hey joi ed o he cou ies wi h mobile elepho e e wo k. The Ne he la ds, Luxembu g a d Belgium accep ed i a li le cha ges a d Cyp us joi ed o he e wo k i 1989. I he same yea Ca ada accep ed Ame ica e wo k of AMPS.

I he same yea , Eu opea Telecommu ica io S a da d I s i u e (ETSI), ep ese i g 17 Eu opea s a es, ag eed o desig a d i ova e a commo s a da d fo lau chi g a digi al mobile elepho e e wo k. The s a da d amed GSM a d cu e ly has h ee pa s wi h simila pe fo ma ce bu diffe e f eque cies.

I 1986 he i e a io al i fo ma io e wo k, I e e , was lau ched as he mos ex e sive i e a io al i fo ma io sys em a d i 1987 a ow ba dwid h was selec ed; i he same yea , 13 Eu opea s a es e e ed i o memo a dum of u de s a di g o due impleme a io of GSM specifica io s by all he MOU pa ies. These 13 cou ies have also ag eed o make hei bo de s ope o each o he fo comme cial ac ivi ies i his field. By ex e sio of i fo ma io sys ems alo g wi h he elepho e e wo ks, he eed o hei i eg a io became a esse ial i 1980s a d fi ally led he cou ies o ISDN e wo k es ablishme . ISDN was he esul of he i ves iga io s a d esea ch of he scie is s i co ec io wi h digi al ech ology i 1960s. I digi al sys em he ela io be wee he pa s, devices a d equipme is mai ly i he fo m of digi s a d he mecha ical wo k is ve y low a d, co seque ly, he oise is ve y low. I eg a ed Sys em of Digi al Ne wo k (ISDN) was submi ed o he EU i he middle of 1980s fo eview. The e wo k, which has bee pu i o ope a io i some s a es, is a ki d of swi ch-based closed e wo k, which he voice a d video se vices a e p ovided by use of swi chi g equipme . The sys em has high pe fo ma ce a d flexibili y, especially i high a smissio of high volume da a a d huge umbe of dema ds fo a smissio of elepho e messages, i ce al compu e s, compu e e mi als a d o he se vices which equi es high level of flexibili y a d efficie cy a d low cos .

Amo g he ech ologies, which pu i o se vice i he ece decade, is video co fe e ce a d mul imedia e wo ks i oduced i 1970s by ATST Compa y i New Yo k. I his e wo k, usi g TDM swi ch ech ology he simul a eous wi h a smissio of he voice o a pai of wi es he video a d da a is a smi ed as well by use of emo e co ol possibili y.

The Fi s Ge e a io of Mobile Telepho e was pu i o ope a io i 1979 fo comme cial use i he U i ed S a es a d Japa . These elepho es, which use he cell elecommu ica io sys em, evolved i o G2 a d digi al sys em. The i c ease i he umbe of subsc ibe s a d lowe possibili y of call hea i g i G2 fi ally led o developme of G3 which is he es ima ed 2000 ho izo of ITU i he 21s ce u y.

IMT 2000 is a adva ced mobile commu ica io which is used fo p ovisio of elecommu ica io se vices i global scale dis ega di g he e wo k a d e mi al loca io . By i eg a io of la d a d sa elli e mobile e wo k diffe e wi eless access will be p ovided i cludi g he exi i g se vices of he fixed elepho e sys ems a d o he se vices p ovided fo he mobile elepho e subsc ibe s. IMT-2000 will make possible he use of all mobile e mi als i co ec io wi h la d o sa elli e e wo ks a d also e mi als desig ed fo use i fixed o mobile applica io s.

His o y of mobile elepho e i I a a d he exis i g si ua io edi

Cou cil of Mi is e s, i i s mee i g o Augus 4, 2004, o he basis of Mi is y of Commu ica io s a d IT’s p oposal No. 10013897 of Augus 4, 2004 a d o he s e g h of A icles (2) a d (4) of he 3 d Socio-Eco omic a d Cul u al Developme of he Islamic Republic of I a , app oved i 2000 as well as app oval of he Highe Admi is a ive Cou cil’s app oval u de No. 190176016 of July 15, 2003 i li e wi h impleme a io of A icle (1) of he said Law, has app oved he eo ga iza io of Dis a ce Measu eme Ce e i he fo m of Mobile Commu ica io Compa y of I a .

The exploi a io of cell pho e sys em was comme ced fo he fi s ime i I a i 1994 by use of 176 a smi e s a d eceive i s alled i 24 s a io s a d wi h 9200 cell pho e umbe s. The high dema d of he subsc ibe s of his phe ome o fo ced ITC o ex e d he cove age a d facili ies a d, by Ma ch 2006, he umbe of cell pho e subsc ibe s i c eased o 15907 a d, i addi io o Teh a , cove age p ovided fo some ci ies i cludi g Mashhad, Ahwaz, Tab iz, Isfaha a d Shi az.

The ex e sio e d of he sys em co i ued i he followi g yea s a d, i addi io o he above- amed ci ies, he cove age p ovided fo a umbe of 28 ew ci ies. Now, he umbe of subsc ibe s had bee i c eased fo m 59,967 i 1994 o 3,449,878 i Ma ch 2004. I li e wi h his ex e sio e d a d followi g he policies of he gove me ega di g p ovisio of e joyme fo all classes of he commu i y, i cludi g hose livi g i small ci ies like la ge ci ies, he umbe of ci ies u de e wo k cove age i c eased f om 134 i Ma ch 1997 o 667 ci ies i Ma ch 2004.

P ese ly, he umbe of mobile elepho e e wo k subsc ibe s has i c eased o mo e ha 43 millio mo e ha 1120 ci ies a d he cove age has bee p ovided fo mo e ha 47,000 km oad e wo k h oughou he cou y.

The pe e a io coefficie of he subsc ibe s is abou 55% of he commu i y a d oami g se vices have bee p ovided i mo e ha 110 cou ies.

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